General Eye Examination
General Eye Examination
General eye examination is considered by many ophthalmologists as a free check-up. This is because routine eye examination allows the detection of diseases that have occurred and / or have started to occur.
Our eyes are the first and most important organ of our 5 senses that show us the beauties of the world, connect them to life, and activate our learning and perception ability. Our eyes give us very important clues about our health. Periodic eye control without waiting for any discomfort will make it easy to treat many eye diseases that will become difficult to treat or even impossible in the future.
For this reason, those with eye pressure, diabetes and hypertension patients should have an eye examination every six months and normal people should have an eye examination at least once a year.
Procedures performed during general eye examination;
- Computerized Eye Examination
The autorefractometer is used to measure the eye number and the presence of myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism is measured in the eye of the patient and the most appropriate eyeglass numbers are determined. In some cases, especially in pediatric examinations, a drop is dripped into the eyes to temporarily suppress the adaptability of the eyes and the autorefractometer measurement is made after a period of waiting. This process is popularly known as drip examination.
- Biomicroscopic Examination
Eye examination is not possible without a biomicroscope, because it is not possible to examine the eye tissues without enlarging the naked eye. The details of the cornea, iris, lens and retinal layer are examined with the help of special devices. The outer and inner surfaces of your eyelids, eye conjunctiva, sclera, cornea, anterior chamber, lens, iris is examined in detail, as enlarged layers of eye tissues.
Computerized Eye Blood Pressure Measurement
Eye pressure is measured by spraying fresh air into the eye with computerized devices.
- Visual Acuity Examination
Our ability to see fine details is measured by reading letters, numbers, or shapes sorted from large to small from a distance. Uncorrected visual acuity is the best level of vision an eye has in a naked position, i.e. without glasses, lenses or contact lenses.
Corrected visual acuity is the best degree of vision that can be achieved by placing a lens or eyeglass in front of an eye. In the examination of the glasses, the ophthalmologist places various glasses in front of the eye and determines the number of glasses that provide the best, most comfortable sight to the patient. The doctor makes use of the measurements of the autorefractometer during this examination.
- Examination of Eyelids
The physician instructs the patient to follow an object in his hand without moving the patient’s head and examines the shape, position, color, spacing of the lower and upper eyelids, the closing functions of the lids, and whether there is any swelling, mass or tenderness on them. In this way, the functions of the muscles responsible for the movement of the eyes to the right, left, up, down and intermediate directions are evaluated. It is determined whether there are any obstacles (mass, inflammation, edema, etc.) that restrict eye movements.
- Examination of Eye Muscles
The inner muscles of the eye control the movement of the pupil. The outer muscles of the eye also keep the eyes parallel. Strabismus and double vision tests determine the condition of the eye muscles.
- Fundus Oculi Examination
In this examination, the vitreous gel, retina and optic nerve at the back of the eye are evaluated. Many features such as transparency, consistency, retinal vessels, appearance of nerve fibers, color, borders, cupping of the optic nerve, and so on are evaluated in detail to detect diabetes, hypertension and hereditary diseases. Special lenses and inspection techniques are used for this examination. Before the examination, the pupil is enlarged with various drops so that the back of the eye can be seen better.