General Eye Examination
General Eye Examination
A general eye examination is characterized by many ophthalmologists as a free check-up. Because a routine eye examination allows you to detect diseases that have formed and/or started to form in our body.
Our eyes are the first and most important organ among our 5 sensory organs that show us the beauty of the world, connect us to life, move our ability to learn and perceive. Our eyes give us very important clues about our health. A periodic eye check without waiting to feel any discomfort will allow you to easily treat many eye diseases that will become difficult or even impossible to treat in the future.
For this reason, people with eye pressure, diabetics and hypertension should have eye exams every six months, and normal people should have eye exams at least once a year.
Procedures performed during general eye examination;
- Computerized Eye Examination
With the Autorefractometer device, which is used to measure the eye number, it is measured whether the patient has myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism in the eye and the most appropriate glasses numbers are determined. In some cases, especially in children’s examinations, a drop is dripped into the eyes in order to temporarily suppress the ability of the eyes to adapt, and the measurement of the autorefractometer is performed after waiting for some time. This process is popularly known as” drip examination”.
- Biomicroscopic Examination
Eye examination is not possible without a biobiomicroscope, because it is not possible to examine eye tissues without magnification, with the naked eye. Details of the cornea, iris, lens and retina layer are examined with the help of special devices. The outer and inner surface of your eyelids, conjunctiva, sclera, cornea, anterior chamber, lens, iris, such as eye tissues are examined in detail in a fold-enlarged form.
- Computerized Eye Pressure Measurement
Eye pressure measurement is performed by spraying fresh air into the eye with computerized devices.
- Visual Acuity Examination
Our ability to see fine details is measured by reading letters, numbers, or shapes sorted from large to small from a certain distance. Uncorrected visual acuity is the best level of vision that an eye has naked, that is, without glasses, lenses, or contact lenses.
Corrected visual acuity is the best degree of vision that can be achieved by placing a lens or glasses in front of the eye. During glasses examination, the ophthalmologist places various glasses in front of the eye and detects glass numbers that provide the patient with the best, most comfortable vision. During this examination, the doctor uses the measurements of the autorefractometer device.
- Examination Of The Eyelids
The doctor has an object held in his hand followed by the eye without moving the patient’s head, The Shape of the eyelids. It examines its position, color, the spacing between the lower and upper eyelids, the functions of closing the lids, whether there is any swelling, mass, or tenderness on them. In this way, the functions of the muscles responsible for the movement of the eyes to the right, left, up, down and intermediate directions are evaluated.Dec. Any obstacle that restricts Eye Movement (mass, inflammation, edema, etc.) is determined whether it is.
- Examination Of Eye Muscles
The inner muscles of the eye control the movement of the pupil. The external muscles of the eye also allow the eyes to stand parallel. Strabismus and double vision examinations determine the condition of the eye muscles.
- Eye Bottom Examination
With this examination, vitreous gel, retina and optic nerve located at the back of the eye are examined. The transparency, consistency, retinal vessels, the appearance of nerve fibers, the color of the optic nerve, its borders, cupping, and many such features are evaluated in detail and diabetes, hypertension and hereditary diseases are detected. Special lenses and examination techniques are used for this examination. Before examination, the pupil is enlarged with various drops to better see the back of the eye.