Diabetes and Eye Examination
Diabetes and eye examination include some differences from general eye examination. Therefore, our dear patients, if you have diabetes, please tell your physician before the examination.
Diabetes affects especially the nerve layer of the eye (retina) and the capillary vessels in this layer, through which it disrupts the operation and leads to visual loss.
Diabetic retinal disorders are called diabetic retinopathy.
In diabetic retinopathy, the level of vascular damage in the base of the eye is determined by FFA (Florecein Fundus Angiography).
Laser photocoagulation is the only treatment method used today in the treatment of retinal disorders. This treatment is the only way to prevent serious visual loss due to diabetes if administered in a timely and appropriate manner.
In diabetic patients, cortisone (intravitreal triamcinolone injection) may be given in case of ongoing macular degeneration edema despite laser treatment.
As a result of detailed retinal examination of the patient, if the blood vessels that have been formed due to diabetes are detected early, these vessels are dried by Argon Laser and bleeding is stopped. The formation of new ones is prevented. Argon Laser treatment is intended to preserve existing vision in such cases. Argon Laser is also used for the treatment of retinal tears.
Diabetic patients may develop large intraocular hemorrhage in the later stages of diabetic retinopathy. This is more likely to occur if you are late for Argon Laser treatment. In case of prolonged, reduced vision and recurrent intraocular hemorrhage, the condition can only be treated with vitrectomy.
In diabetic patients, when the diagnosis is made, eye examination should be performed and if the retina is normal, the examination should be repeated once a year. When diabetic retinopathy starts, it should be followed every 3-4 months.
Other Eye Problems in Diabetic Patients
Cataract disease, which prevents vision with blurring of the lens, occurs at an earlier age in diabetic patients.
Eye Pressure (Glaucoma)
Glaucoma, which causes permanent visual loss by destroying the visual nerve, is approximately twice as common in a patient with diabetes as in other adults.
Preventive eye health and early diagnosis are crucial in diabetic patients. Uncontrolled diabetes leads to significant damage to the eye and loss of eye if left untreated. Therefore, patients diagnosed with diabetes should undergo an eye examination at least twice a year.